Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement
No provision of this agreement should be interpreted to alter the rights or obligations of a party under other relevant international instruments or international law. 2. Contracting parties may, at their sole discretion, cooperate with the non-contracting parties described in this agreement and apply measures consistent with the measures outlined in this agreement, in cooperation with the non-contracting parties. Where appropriate, cooperative activities are carried out within the framework of specific agreements or implementation agreements between the parties or participants in the course of their activities, including the financing of these activities, the use of scientific and research results, facilities and equipment, and the settlement of disputes. Through these specific agreements or arrangements, the parties provide, where appropriate, either directly or through the participants, adequate and effective protection and equitable sharing of intellectual property rights, in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, procedures and policies, as well as the international legal obligations of the parties concerned, and address other issues that may arise from the activities carried out under this agreement. “We need international research cooperation to understand, adapt to changes in the Arctic, sustainably exploit natural resources and prevent problems that threaten the region,” said the Minister of Education. The media talk about the deal in EOS, Independent Barents Observer, Arctic Today, Bloomberg. The aim of this agreement is to improve cooperation in scientific activities to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the development of scientific knowledge about the Arctic. In 2013, the Arctic Council announced that it would begin work on an agreement on improving scientific cooperation in research. At the time, it was not clear that this work would result in the third binding agreement negotiated under the aegis of the Arctic Council; This was taken at the ninth Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting in Iqaluit, Canada, in 2015. The agreement to improve international scientific cooperation in the Arctic between Arctic Council member states came into force on Wednesday, May 23, 2018. The agreement aims to improve scientific cooperation in research between Arctic states. Finnish higher education institutions and research institutes have a strong tradition and great international cooperation in the field of Arctic research.
Finland chairs the Arctic Council until 2019. What are the geographic areas of the Arctic to which the agreement applies? During the 2015-2017 U.S. presidency, discussions and negotiations on the developing agreement were conducted jointly by the Russian Federation and the United States, and the final agreement for improving international scientific cooperation in the Arctic was signed on May 11, 2017 in Fairbanks, Alaska, by ministers from the eight Arctic states.